Research Paper - Big Brother Abused Sibling | Subjects: Sociology - College

As the economic situation continues to be difficult, organizations will find it difficult in abiding by their budgets. More resources and attention will be needed to manage and run organizations in the near future (Robbins, Campbell, & Judge, 2010).In my view, these are the most significant challenges because the new leaders of organizations are not adequately furnished with techniques, insight, and knowledge necessary for efficiency. Also, without addressing the issue of burnout, organizations may lose valued and experienced workers. Finally, leaders will be faced with difficult choices on how to adequately meeting the budgetary requirements while still strategizing for the future (Brickley, Smith, Zimmerman & Willett, 2000).The employer should permit a vibrant discussion or a healthy debate among people in the organization so as to choose the most appropriate solution to the challenges (Brickley, Smith, Zimmerman & Willett, 2000).I would choose these steps because if they are utilized, they will enhance the probability of successfully enforcing a change attempt. This is because all people will take part in identifying the problem and solution.The model is unworkable because organizations are affected by situations that frequently change over time. Also, an effective organization demands a comprehension of the core components of organizational principles and techniques, which most manages do not posses (Ott, Parkes & Simpson, 2008).Untested presumptions and inability to consider the informal organization force us to rethink classical design. Numerous presumptions made by classical design are not based on scientific examinations. They are based on value decisions that illustrate what they perceive to be correct attitudes and moral codes toward success. They fail to realize workers may have needs unconnected to work situations. Classical design also ignores informal associations as portrayed by <strong>Research Paper - Big Brother Abused Sibling | Subjects: Sociology - College</strong>Essay - Performance Rights Act | Subjects: Miscellaneous - College

“The present culture of testing has placed an increased amount of emphasis on the development of state standards, high-stakes testing, and the use of rigid curricular programs” (Brantley, 2007, p. 28). Therefore, an educational assessment is mandatory in today’s highly competitive world. There are three types of assessments- formal, alternative and informal. The purpose of implementing a classroom assessment system is to improve instruction and student achievement. The English language learners are rapidly growing in the population of the U.S classroom. As such, considerate amount of thoughts and training need to be implemented when designing and administering educational assessments. There are many factors that need to be kept in mind while selecting educational assessments for students. Language barriers and educational background factors are the main factors. In the first factors, language barrier factors, different issue like different linguistics background, Levels of proficiency in English, and levels of proficiency of native languages are the three main barriers that should be addressed in the assessment. An interrelated program of domestic-policy reforms characterized the Reagan policy agenda. We see this in the administrations work to reduce the size and scope of the federal government, which entailed lowering federal taxation and domestic spending as well as the deregulation and returning of the power to the states.i The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 was the first of changes that Reagan launched in his pursuit of his domestic policy. This legislation brought about far-reaching budget cuts and policy shifts and is considered to be one of Reagan’s major achievements in domestic policymaking. Besides significantly trimming domestic spending and trimming the federal government’s role in domestic program areas, the legislation had two other significant effects: first, it substantially changed welfare programs, and second, it increased the proportion of federal grant funds that are channeled to the states and reduced the share paid to local units of government.iiReagan’s experience as governor of California, prior to his election as President, influenced his attitude toward domestic policy. As governor, Reagan became convinced that the states could play the major role in running domestic programs such as welfare. He saw in this experience that domestic policy choices are best made at the state level and that this philosophy became the foundation of his New Federalism. Reagan emphasized this in his 1982 State of the Union address:Our citizens feel they have lost control of even the most basic decisions made about the essential services of government, such as schools, welfare, roads, and even garbage collection. They are right. A maze of interlocking jurisdictions and levels of government confronts the average citizen in trying to solve even the simplest of problems. They do not know where to turn to… who to hold accountable.iiiFor Reagan

Essay - The Wedding Story | Subjects: English - College A financial manager can buy a large lot of stocks if the prices of stocks are lower. Valuation Principle The valuation principle can help financial managers make financial decisions regarding whether or not to buy a common stock. The use of valuation models can help a manager determine the intrinsic value of a corporation. The application of stock valuation models can be used to determine if the market price of a stock is over or under valued. Common stocks that have a value lower than the market price should not be purchased, while stock whose valuation exceeds in the market price should be purchased. Net Present Value The net present value is an analytical tool that can be used to make capital decisions. The NPV takes into consideration all the inflows and outflows of money associated with a project to determine whether a project should be accepted or rejected (Besley & Brigham, 2000). Another important element of the NPV calculation is the fact the NPV incorporates the time value of money. The time value of money adjusts the values in order to consider inflation. Most corporate finance books have time value of money tables. According to the NPV a project should be rejected when the value of the NPV is negative. A project is accepted when the value is positive. The use of NPV calculation can be used to compare different projects.

Research Paper - Applying ethics on Amanda Knox's memoir | Subjects: Philosophy - High school The lessons included identifying the dimensions of culture from the presenters’ and students’ national origin and to determine the validity of sharing or manifesting the dimensions noted, according to Hofstede’s framework. Presentation of topic (3): Convergence and Divergence in Consumer Behavior. The presenters included concepts that expounded on convergence and divergence through provision of specific consumer purchasing behavior- where apparently the behavior could be evaluated and reviewed on a macro perspective. Likewise, the concept was further explained with the assistance of delving in describing homogeneous and heterogeneous economies or that which measures a country’s level of wealth. Presentation of topic (4): Domestic Consumer Predispositions: Ethnocentrisms and Disidentification. The presenters used the theoretical concepts of ethnocentrism and concepts of consumer disidentification to make students aware of how these concerns impact global marketing. How One Contributed A relevant topic (1) that was presented focused on Paradoxes in Global Marketing. Research Paper - Accounts Payable Specialist | Subjects: Miscellaneous - Undergraduate Case Study - Lazard US Mid Cap Equity Portfolio | Subjects: Marketing - High school

Unoka’s actions made him popular in his community where they looked down on him as a weak individual giving the name, agbala, a term to resemble a woman’s weakness. Despite his father’s actions, Okonkwo is determined to outshine him and gain enough respect and wealth from the community. He develops an ambitious and character that makes him insensitive and dominating especially to his children and wives. Unlike his father, Okonkwo gains positive fame in his community by winning a wrestling match. The story takes another twist when Okonkwo is given Ikemefuna to take care of being a community leader. The boy is used in the text to symbolize the desire for Mbaino, the adjacent village to keep the peace with Umuofia. Okonkwo, full of ambition and desire to express his egoistic issues, dictates his opinions to his family and communities mostly through actions. From breaking the peace week rules to killing Ikemefuna, he demonstrates his character as stubborn and insecure. He wants to distance himself from his father’s doings and is acutely sensitive, especially when it comes down to proving how powerful he could be. The story tells of the tragic incidences that follow Okonkwo’s every action that makes all of his plans to succeed fail. Case Study - Lazard US Mid Cap Equity Portfolio | Subjects: Marketing - High school Transnational strategy involves the use of common strategies for the different subsidiaries. A company can just come up with one marketing strategy to cater for the foreign markets. That can include the use of a global brand or minor adjustments to give local brands for local acceptability (Aswathappa, 2010).With all its advantages to the organization, transnational strategy has numerous problems with the organization. These challenges may include- Culture diversity- Global businesses have a market in different foreign countries worldwide. Meeting the needs of these various foreign countries is a challenge because different cultures come with different preferences. Operating with a single strategy, for example, marketing will be a challenge because one cannot advertise something like pork to Muslims (Simon Harris, 2010).Unexpected additional costs- It is better for a subsidiary to manage its expenses and activities than the head office to do the same (Simon Harris, 2010). Different locations will have different expenses and legal requirements and there it is always difficult to budget for all subsidiaries at once without considering their business environments.Political influences- Global businesses will involve exposure to different political environments. The political environment will determine the success of the strategy. In the case of unfair political interventions in various markets, the strategy fails but when the political influence favors the global business, the strategy implementation succeeds (Simon Harris, 2010).Communication barriers- Global business involves communicating the business values and strategies. There is a need for a fundamental communication language and understanding of the foreign languages. Subsidiary managers, for example, need to be trained to understand the languages in the countries they are representing their company (Mary Ellen Guffey, 2012).Lack of the required resources- Global

After twenty year, am sited at the old couch facing the ocean outside the cabin, it reminds me of the days we would spend the afternoons with my uncle after school, the holidays were even better as we would go fishing, hunting and gathering in the woods or just relax enjoying the cool breeze from the ocean. This is the place where I found real fun unlike in town, even when my dad came back, I continued living with my uncle until when I was to attend college, playing beach football with my friends from around is all I can remember, social life at the cabin was far much better than in town, I wish I could rewind the days, the cabin is empty as my uncle lost the battle to cancer. The brown faded couch reminds me of my active childhood that any young person would wish to have, it’s so sad I have to be away from the cabin to pursue my course at a college that is away from Essay - dystopia | Subjects: Miscellaneous - Ph.D. There are instances when a member resorts to social loafing or free riding when he/she perceives that his/her individual performance will not be assessed (Forsyth 294). Lastly, the group becomes unproductive when some members constantly complain. The group allots a bulk amount of its time in addressing member’s complaints instead of generating ideas and executing plans (Wong).I witnessed how such behaviors negatively affected a group I once a member of. A teacher of a particular subject asked us to group ourselves through counting off from 1 to 5, and then asked all number 1 to be a group, and 2, 3 and so on. I noticed that a member of our group keeps on complaining about the conflict of his schedule with our group meeting. He always disagrees with ideas or plans of action presented in the group. However, he failed to present any idea that the group can pursue. These negative behaviors have reduced morale and productivity of theEssay - World War I: A Soldier's Diary | Subjects: History - High school

Essay - Governance, Regulation and Ethics | Subjects: Environmental Studies - Undergraduate Benefits of the POS System The POS system being online will ensure that all across the Wal-Mat store there will be real and up dated POS solutions. In addition, since the POS system is custom made it will be custom made and thus compatible with most of the programs and hardware, which are to be installed. Furthermore, it will ensure that there is less inventory shrinkage. This is because through POS system it will be easier to keep track of obsolete and damaged inventories. Because of the effectiveness with which customers are served, it will ensure and lead to more customer service efficiency, customer satisfaction and customer retention and loyalty. It will facilitate timely and accurate reports as well as fast and effective analysis of sales date which is paramount to management information for decision-making process. In addition, the online POS software package will offer the advantage of management through remote access i.e. while in different store and while on leave. Moreover, having installed POS system Wal-Mat can easily expand in case of increased customers. This is because it only needs to mount new computers and other relevant hardware to create a new service station. The other minor benefits that Wal-Mat will get by setting up the POS will be prevention of theft, accuracy, and effective inventory management.

F. Hegel, Bruno Bauer, David Strauss, and Ludwig Feuerbach, that influenced his belief in atheism. Marx was influenced by Feuerbach when he stated that God is nothing but the image of highest being of man that man has created himself. Marx was aware that this idea meant that the religions of world should end as every religion is based on the idea of God who exists in heaven. Marx was more interested in ‘scientific truth’ than in religion. He used ‘science’ as a weapon to prove that God does not exist. According to the article, it was Marx’s search for scientific truth to prove religion wrong, which led him to develop his communist theory. Marx’s belief in atheism was so strong that it became a part of his theory, philosophy and practice. Hence, even today, if a person is to become a Marxist, then he has to adhere to the idea of atheism. If a person does not adopt atheism, then he cannot call himself a Marxist. The article says that Marx aimed at establishing a human society which was based on materialism, socialism and science, with no place for religion or God sentiment in its existence. The article concludes by giving the idea about how Marx envisioned the human society, and what it means to be a Marxist. Essay - Alcohol/Chemical Dependency | Subjects: Sociology - Masters

Research Paper - need for new models in the public safety leadership | Subjects: Miscellaneous - Ph.D. It is therefore important that strategic tools are put in place and surrounding factors captured in settling the affecting individuals.The objective of this study would involve determining various forms of externalities that a firm presents to the society. It would also help in establishing whether there are diverse resolutions legal mechanisms to the affected individuals through systematic bargaining approach.Externalities have remained a critical aspect of the corporate world and its relationship with the members of the community (Kaul, 1999). The establishment of a legal bargaining process for the affected members is key in promoting the general welfare of the society by the firms. Besides, the outcomes of the research would provide information that would serve as a literature review in further future studies.Collecting relevant data and incorporating them into existing legal framework reforms would be an uphill task considering the deep political aspects of the corporate world. Besides, the research requires a significant amount of funds and time which poses a real challenge to the resolution mechanism

Essay - Governance, Regulation and Ethics | Subjects: Environmental Studies - Undergraduate

It is highly advocated since it saves the expensive court fees and reduces the backlog of the court cases. Under the Arbitration Act, the judgment is valid and binding (Twomey and Jennings 26).In mediation, the mediator has no power to make judgment therefore acting neutral and as a messenger, in presentation of the offer made. However, the mediator might influence the plaintiff’s decisions by making statements or views that may affect the plaintiff’s choice. Mediation is an efficient process especially where none of the parties have any intention of lessening their attitudes towards each other (Twomey and Jennings 26).The reference to a third person is almost the same as mediation, though in this case the third party has implied powers to make a decision regarding the dispute in question. Since the third party is independent and neutral, the decision reached herein is enforceable and cannot be appealed further. The damages sought are fixed according to the judgment of the mediator (Twomey and Jennings 26).Basically, medarb is an alternative dispute resolution method which almost resembles the arbitration method. However in medarb, the arbitrator who was hearing the facts from both sides of the aggrieved parties- also acts as the mediator in that, he presents the offer made by the defendant so as the plaintiff can make a decision (Twomey and Jennings 26).In rent a judge, the parties involved voluntarily hire a judicial judge to hear their case. The hired judge acts as referee and hears the case as in the normal trial. After hearing of the case, the judge makes a decision which will be enforceable between the two parties. Unless, if stated in the contract clause- the judgment can be reversed through an appeal (Twomey and Jennings 27).If both parties belong to an association, the dispute is normally resolved by a tribunal formed by the associations. The tribunal is Essay - A Reflective Essay on the Book "Ceremony" by Leslie Mormon Silko | Subjects: Literature - College

Essay - The Importance of Ethical Conduct and Professional Responsibility (criminal justice system). | Subjects: Other - College Such arguments have now resulted in the creation of a philosophical problem, the problem of induction that stands disputed, especially in case of the scientists that are in continuation of using this technique of considering limited number of instances to derive a universal formula.In order to understand the problem of induction, the example of swans will be evident to provide an effective understanding of the issue. By means of induction, it was a universal principle that swans are white, as few centuries ago, people had only seen white swans, and the scientists were inclined to derive the declaration that all swans are white. In this regard, scientists have until today continued to magnify specific observations to create common principles to carry out their planning for prospects of the physical world. However, the major argument of the adversaries of this methodology argues regarding the validity of such suppositions based on only finite observations. Until today, various experts2 have argued over the problem of induction- however, historical evidence indicates that David Hume was the first person to inquire about this issue, and carry out analysis accordingly. During his analysis, he wrapped up by saying that inductive suppositions do not carry any logical explanations, and thus, it is incorrect for scientists to originate universal theories based on such finite observations3.In response, various philosophers endeavored to come up with a solution- however, this problem of induction has remained a major problem in the Western philosophy due to its disputed nature. In this regard, Hume enjoys huge number of advocates until today- however, few of the experts have criticized Hume’s critique on the problem while concluding that although such inferences do not carry justifications4. However, it is erroneous to specify that science depend on the

Essay - Alcohol/Chemical Dependency | Subjects: Sociology - Masters The importance of the term ICT lies less in the three words that it is composed of. Rather, it mainly deals with its practical implementation that involves the providing of a means of communication via technology primarily in the areas that are among the underdeveloped nations.From its emergence a few decades ago to the present times, ICT or information and Communications Technology has expended such that every unit in the present times cannot imagine survival without it may it be a business or residential unit. Initiating decades ago perhaps with the invention of a telephone ICT stands today as a giant that is the most looked up and the most highly acclaimed for all its achievements and continued renovation.The manners in which the developments in ICT have affected development are massive. Comparative to the end of the last century which is not very far away the current times are poles apart. Technology has aided development in almost every field and aspect. May it be the economical aspects of a country or its fiscal growth the embedding of technologically advanced hardware and software has turned the meaning of each term upside down. Coordination and communication processing among units of an organization situated at several different physical locations is just a click away now.

In other words both democrats and republicans are equally aware of the problems in present American education systems. However, neither NCLB nor RTT seems to be addressing the real issues in American educational sector. Around 4.35 billion dollar allocated to United States Department of Education to implement RTT successfully. RTT aims to implement drastic changes in the K-12 educational system in America. The quality of American education is getting diminished as time goes on and Obama wants to improve it as much as possible. However Obama’s RTT system seems to be generating mixed reaction among the public. Some people believe it as a conscious and sincere effort by president Obama to improve the educational standards in America whereas others are of the view that it may not yield the desired goals. This paper analyses whether American educational system is in trouble or not, because of RTT.ProblemsThe Obama Administration unveiled its new “Race to the Top” initiative in which it will use the lure of $4.35 billion in federal cash to induce states to improve their K-12 schools. Four billion dollars is a lot of money, but it’s a tiny percentage of what the U.S. spends on education. The Department of Education estimates that the U.S. as a whole spent $667 billion on K-12 education in the 2008-09 school year alone, up from $553 billion in 2006-07 (Obama’s ‘Race to the Top’ Who’ll blink first: the unions, or the White House?)

Essay - dystopia | Subjects: Miscellaneous - Ph.D. The mean values for X22 and X32 are 4.82963 and 0.348148148 respectively. To determine if the two mean are significantly different with an equal variance, a t-statistical analysis is undertaken. The one tail results give a t-critical of 1.647649 while the two tails gives a t-critical result of 1.964318. However- going by the one tail, the t-critical is 1.647649 compared with a significance level of 0.00, we accept the null hypothesis that the two means are statistically significant. According to the book page 498, this analysis was supposed to compare the level of satisfaction between male and female-considering the mean. However, from the results there is no substantial support for the null hypothesis to ascertain that the two means are equal, and hence we conclude that male customers are significantly more satisfied than female customers.The mean values of X21, X22 and X23 are 4.82963, 4.464198 and 3.785185. The null hypothesis is to test if the mean of the variables are significantly different. The p-value=3.59 while the significant level α=o.05- therefore we accept the null hypothesis that the mean of the variables are significantly different (p-value>0.05). That is, the mean perceptions of males between the two restaurants do not differ significantly on satisfaction or likelihood of returning.Most customers at the restaurant do not like to party as this is revealed by 14 out of 450 strongly agreed to like partying. However, it is worth noting that some customers are influenced by friends before deciding on what to take while reasonable prices also influences the customer’s decision to take a meal at the restaurant. Among the respondents, at least half agreed that attractive interior and excellent food are some of the driving factors that they consider before entering a restaurant. This is something that Santa Fe Grill Restaurant has to contend with if it wants to maximize its profits and revenues. According to the frequency Essay - Economic Forecasting | Subjects: Business - Masters

Research Paper - need for new models in the public safety leadership | Subjects: Miscellaneous - Ph.D.

Thereby, one of the primary challenges before the nursing education is to make the aspiring nurses conversant with the legal and ethical issues associated with this profession so that they could render their services in the real life environment in a professional and informed manner.The nurses are not only required to be cognizant of the legal and ethical implications associated with their profession, but going by the sensitive nature of healthcare, they also need to know as to when it is appropriate to side step these implications in the interest of the patient care (Ruch 2012, p. 176). For in the nursing profession, one of the salient duties of a nurse is to facilitate and safeguard the interests of a patient. The patients under nursing care do also have rights and these rights stand to be sacrosanct and important. These rights may include within their ambit a range of imminent and expectations. For instance it is the right of a patient to be informed of all the treatment possibilities accessible to one, so that one could make an informed choice in the light of one’s emotional, spiritual and financial circumstances. Besides, a nurse and patient relationship ought to be based on mutual respect and trust and any breach of this relationship is governed by legal and ethical implications (Park, 2009). Nurses do have an ethical and legal duty to assure that the patient under their care do well understands the nature and impact of the treatment one is undergoing and the possible pragmatic outcomes of this treatment (Park, 2009).No wonder though the nursing profession had been bound by ethical implications since years, yet the more contemporary statutory provisions have brought in a legal element into the nursing care. This influx of legal implications has further complicated the nature and scope of the nursing profession (Park, 2009). Now, the nurses are required to balance the

There are various studies, which have been conducted on obesity. One of such studies has been conducted by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). According to their study, obesity is associated with a poor quality of life. The quality of life is decreased with an increasing level of obesity. The research has also revealed that the quality of health life of obese people is lower than those with normal weight. Obesity is also associated with a poor health status. It has also been found that obesity results in depression.One of the key mechanisms employed to measure obesity is the Body Mass Index (BMI). BMI is the index of weight for height. It is recognized as the most useful measurement for obesity. Individuals are considered to be obese when their BMI is 30 or more.Historically, obesity was considered only an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. However, the recent research has indicated that there are many factors involved in obesity. There are various genetic, physiological, and behavioral factors that result in obesity. The specific causes of obesity vary among individuals. According to Butland et al. (2007), ‘At the heart of obesity lies a homeostatic biological system that struggles to maintain energy balance to keep the body at a constant weight. This system is not well-adapted to a fast-changing world, where the pace of technological progress has outstripped human evolution’. The researchers now accept that the changes in external environment impact the tendency of individuals to gain or lose weight.Obesity is the accumulation of excess fat in the human body. This condition reduces life expectancy and increase the chance of developing life threatening diseases. One of the most important prevention activities for overcoming obesity is physical activities. The constant exercise could result in an Since these numbers must be absorbed into the system, public expenditures on education are continually rising to unsustainable levels. The challenge on financing is increasingly being felt, negatively impacting knowledge transfer.The second factor affecting transfer of knowledge is culture. Most Middle East countries have very conservative cultural norms. This is especially evident in the role of women. Women are generally perceived to be less capable in leadership positions, family priorities, etc. Although the trends are gradually changing, a father in Saudi Arabia has the impression that he is better placed to educate his son than his daughter. This implies that there are generally less girls than boys in schools- the reasons as to this why are purely cultural. Consequently, the society remains less educated inhibiting the flow of knowledge.The third factor is political instability. Saudi Arabia as a country has not experienced any form of political turmoil in recent years. However, Yemen, Iran and Syria are all countries that have experienced political unrest in one form or another. This affects neighbors of such countries- Saudi Arabia being one of them. This civil unrest in the aforementioned countries may spread to Saudi, considering the fact that it, like those countries, is headed by a monarchy – a contributive factor for the unrest sweeping across Arab countries in recent times. This unrest affects all sectors of the country’s landscape, part of which education and information are.Western countries have been major drivers of technology, a factor that continues to revolutionize the acquisition and dissemination of information. However, the Middle East has continued to display anti-Western tendencies. Iraq has been investing in nuclear power plants, an effort that does not sit well with the West and the world in general while Iran openly expresses ‘hate’ for the United States. This means that Middle

Research Paper - Nike | Subjects: Other - College John 15:12-13 – The key idea implied in this commandment is that people should love one another following the example of God who loves them all. Thus a person should love others. Furthermore, the greatest expression of love is to sacrifice one’s interests unselfishly for the sake of others.Proverbs 27:5-6, 17 – These are the guidances that shape a person’s attitude towards companionship and interaction with other people, simple rules that guide relationships with people. It is human relationships that teach an individual and give experience as well as wisdom. Moreover, displays of love towards the others are crucial in relations, and if love isn’t manifested through actions and self-denial, it is inferior to plain and sincere reproach.Romans 12:3-21 – According to this fragment, people are to live in harmony with each other, loving and helping each other. Everyone possesses some talents that should be used for good purposes – people are called to unite in their service to God, to help each other and practice hospitality towards each other.The passages offered for consideration provide a comprehensive look at Christian perception of human relations based on the idea of unselfish help, love and cooperation in the name of God. The righteousness is reflected in a kind and respectful way a person treats other people. At the same time, the importance of careful choice of friends is emphasized, for friends should help a person in self-improvement and encourage all the best traits and qualities. Thus, these passages shape the attitude towards relationships based on benevolence.2 Samuel 11-12 – The story of king David shows sinfulness of taking other man’s wife. This teaches us that the man should be satisfied with the woman given to him by God and not dare God’s kindness going into adultery.Matthew 5:27-28 – Following the commandment teaching not to commit adultery, this one expands on the Research Paper - need for new models in the public safety leadership | Subjects: Miscellaneous - Ph.D.

Speech or Presentation - Principles of MicroEconomics | Subjects: Miscellaneous - Undergraduate He is either appointed by the senior levels of management or elected by the group. However, a leader can not have all the skills required of the role. The best situation will be to have as a leader someone who is flexible but firm. When it is required, he will let the leadership act to the others.According to Kouzes and Posner (1995), leadership begins where management ends. The management system of reward and punishment will give way to the innovation, individual character and the courage of conviction of a leader. Management skills alone are not enough to create success in an organization. Leaders are needed to seek out areas to improve. They enjoy challenges and taking them head on. Leaders are motivated and expected to challenge existing paradigms.The Theory X and Theory Y were first proposed by Douglas McGregor in his 1960 book The Human Side Of Enterprise. In his theory, there are two fundamental approaches to managing people. According to McGregor, Theory X is the authoritarian style of leadership while Theory Y is the participative style of leadership.(Hindle, 2003)Theory X assumes that the average person dislikes work and will avoid it he/she can. In business, leaders must counteract an inherent human tendency to avoid work. Therefore most people must be forced with the threat of punishment to work towards organizational objectives. The average person prefers to be directed. He chooses to avoid responsibility. He is relatively unambitious, and wants security above all else.Theory Y assumes that people have the tendency to exercise self-direction and self-control in an environment that favors them. This theory could motivate people to become high achievers. People will apply self-control and self-direction in the pursuit of organizational objectives, without external control or the threat of punishment. Committed people considers effort in work as natural as work and play.

The types of job include both the internal and external to the organization job, as well as the specialist and the generalist human resource practitioners. Many organizations enjoy human resource services by the external service providers or the outsourced human resource professionals whereas- other organizations prefer the internal human resource department to carry out the HR jobs and tasks. Generalists usually have knowledge and expertise on every aspect and perspective of business however, the specialists professional have advanced expertise and greater knowledge on a few aspects of the HR environment. The HR professionals usually hold degree or certification in Human Resource Management however- degrees in related fields of study are beneficial and productive in this regard as well. The HR field offers steady jobs throughout the career ladder of a human resource professional and bears substantial fruit in every phase or point in ones career. The steady supply of human resource practitioners has caused HR field undergo slight saturation and thus, it requires greater competency levels to excel productively in this environment.The paper deals with description of human resource as a career field. Moreover, it throws light on the jobs included in this field and the careers one can have within the field of human resource field. It depicts the degree and educational requirements for this particular field of study. The paper also accounts average salary of professionals within human resource job description and within particular jobs. The discussion also involves career progression and industry outlook that human resource professionals experience throughout their career ladder.Human resources professional can follow the career ladder of any specialist HR practitioner or the career path of a generalist (Strayer, 2005) human resource professional. In smaller organizational setups, a human resource

Essay - World War I: A Soldier's Diary | Subjects: History - High school

This supports its impressive economic achievements of 198.5% and -176.7% in exports and imports respectively. Previous recession, technology sector slump and disease outbreak lessons enabled it attain low rates of interests, growth in exports to achieve a great real GDP of 3.5% in 2013. Additionally, the government aims to establish a less prone to global cycles in IT products to avoid dangers of global recession.Hong Kong is a free market economy that depends on international transactions. It boosts of a big GDP per capita of 52700 and strong external trading comprising 222.6% in export and 220.9% import GDP in 2013. These are possible through its continuous integration by china mainland that offers the main trading partner. South Korea has managed a credible economic growth integrated with global economies. Its GDP real growth of 2.8%, 54.6% and -50.8% exports and imports stem from close governance, import quotas and industrious labor force. These measures promoted raw material and technology imports, investments and savings (World Fact book of CIA, Essay - San Francisco | Subjects: Environmental Studies - College

existing there. The majority however, remains Muslims in the north and Christians in the south.From the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries, Nigeria built its forts in the areas of economics through regional and international trade, and on agrarian bases. However, the major part of her trade was in slaves. In the 1700s, Nigeria was ridden with the slave trade. Slaves from there were taken to Britain for trade. “Between 1798 and 1847, 4,300,000 slaves were taken from West Africa of which, the English were chiefly responsible” (African Affairs).This trade slave gave Nigeria revenue which they badly needed then. However, it was the British who abolished cross-border trade in slaves in 1807 that this trade took a hit in Africa, and subsequently, in Nigeria. Nonetheless, slave trade was still an integral part of Nigerian economy, according to Heaton and Falola, in their book, ‘A History of Nigeria’.The Nigerian region was vastly dependent on this slave trade for their economic wealth and political stability, as the leaders used the trade of slaves to promote their campaigns” (Falola). After Great Britain’s fight against human trade, Nigeria shifted to trading products such as spices, palm oil, etc. However, slavery was not wiped out as soon as the 1807 act was passed.The British gained power over the Subcontinent through the East India Company. The same tactic was adopted in Nigeria, where the Royal Niger Company was under the command of the British Government. “While its existence was of a short period, it played a pivotal role in helping the British take control of Nigeria” (Falola). According to Heaton’s and Falola’s research, Nigeria became part of the British Empire in 1901. The British ruled over Nigeria with their motto the same as in all the other countries that were colonized by them- divide and conquer. Nigeria was ruled as two separate regions, Northern and Southern

Essay - Describe urban blight. | Subjects: Environmental Studies - Masters The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is a non profit organization whose ownership is composed of 1300 members or “seats”. Richard Grasso was the Chairman of NYSE for several years during the first decade of the 21st century. He did a good job of as chairman of the NYSE increasing the productivity of the stock exchange. Some of his major accomplishments included tripling seat prices, investing $2 billion in information technology upgrades, and achieved record volume of business in a bad economy and tough competitive environment. The problem with his tenured as chairman is that he took advantage of his position to benefit economically beyond what he deserved. He also colluded with the board of directors creating agency issues that help him inflate his total compensation. For instance the Board of Directors was handpicked by Mr. Grasso. They were his puppets and would approve without debating the outrageous bonuses Richard Grasso paid himself. In 2003 when they scandal was revealed Richard Grasso received $2.3 million dollars in salary. The previous four years his total compensation ranged between $9.9 million and $24.2 million. Grasso was a greedy executive that acted in an unethical manner. Upon his resignation due to public pressures Grasso received a lump sum payout which included liquidation of pension plan of $140 million. The NYSE is most powerful and influential stock exchange in the world.

Essay - Epidermis | Subjects: Nursing - Undergraduate Through the use of books and the internet, this research paper examines not only feudalism in general and the social structure that depended upon it, but the various diseases and options that were available to the different classes based upon their status for medical treatment, alongside common problems that were widespread in the Middle Ages and gave no thought to the same status that those who lived during that era held dear. Feudalism was not a new concept to Europe. The Roman historian Tacitus wrote that the Germanic peoples, long considered a race of warriors, practiced a way of life in which the warrior class left all land holdings to the care and trust of others, while using their time to defend their lands or make war on others. Feudalism soon rose to be a standard way of life throughout Europe in the Middle Ages, complete with rigid, even unbreakable social structures that affected almost every aspect of life during that time. The divisions between the wealthy, or nobility, and those of commoner status were vast in many ways, but none as great as when it came to the health care that was available. The researcher mentiones that given the hygienic and sanitation standards of the time, it is not surprising that disease spread freely and unchecked throughout the population, differing little from nobility to common serf. It is concluded that even those with doctors at their disposal, such as the aristocrats and wealthy landowners, were at a disadvantage due to the thoughts of the time.

Essay - differences between the old version of the international commercial terms (2000)and the new ones (2011) | Subjects: Miscellaneous - Ph.D. Essay - The Great Depression shaped economic theory, social life, and peoples views of a market economy in general. | Subjects: Miscellaneous - Undergraduate



However, it is important to note that the country has reformed significantly, for example through the strictness of the government in implementing affirmative action, which has enabled members of the Dalit society to hold senior positions in the government including presidency and other political offices. The constitution also has prohibited discrimination against people considered as untouchables for example through the Protection of Civil rights Act, 1955, which the government has continued to implement (Scott, 2010). This means that the discrimination that is going on against this society is not government sanctioned but a societal construction, which may take a long time to change. Discrimination of Indian Untouchables The contemporary India is a casteless society by principle. However, reports indicate that the more than 100 million untouchables in the country live under constant exposure to discrimination and humiliation coupled with numerous cases of violence, which most of the times go unpunished (Narula, 2011).

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is a non profit organization whose ownership is composed of 1300 members or “seats”. Richard Grasso was the Chairman of NYSE for several years during the first decade of the 21st century. He did a good job of as chairman of the NYSE increasing the productivity of the stock exchange. Some of his major accomplishments included tripling seat prices, investing $2 billion in information technology upgrades, and achieved record volume of business in a bad economy and tough competitive environment. The problem with his tenured as chairman is that he took advantage of his position to benefit economically beyond what he deserved. He also colluded with the board of directors creating agency issues that help him inflate his total compensation. For instance the Board of Directors was handpicked by Mr. Grasso. They were his puppets and would approve without debating the outrageous bonuses Richard Grasso paid himself. In 2003 when they scandal was revealed Richard Grasso received $2.3 million dollars in salary. The previous four years his total compensation ranged between $9.9 million and $24.2 million. Grasso was a greedy executive that acted in an unethical manner. Upon his resignation due to public pressures Grasso received a lump sum payout which included liquidation of pension plan of $140 million. The NYSE is most powerful and influential stock exchange in the world.

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